Copper (Copper Amino Acid Chelate) 400 mcg Enhanced Formula Syrup
An essential trace element, Copper (Cu) is found in all body tissues. It partners with the mineral iron in helping process food into hemoglobin. One of its important functions is its catalytic role in dismutase, the antioxidant superoxide. It is important to maintain sufficient levels of copper in the body because there is only less than 100 mg of copper in the human body. Moreover, copper should be properly chelated with amino acids since non-chelated copper is not absorbed well from the intestines. Copper, together with iron, is an important co-factor for some enzymes in the brain, including those involved in myelin formation and neurotransmitter synthesis (Skjørringe T, Møller LB, and Moos T. "Impairment of interrelated iron- and copper homeostatic mechanisms in brain contributes to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders." Front Pharmacol. 2012;3:169. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2012.00169. Epub 2012 Sep 25). In a particular study using mice, copper's importance in early development has been clarified (Wang Y, et al. "Maternofetal and neonatal copper requirements revealed by enterocyte-specific deletion of the Menkes disease protein." Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 Oct 11. [Epub ahead of print]), emphasizing the importance of further studies on copper and its role in early human development.